Para Clinical

To impart knowledge, skills and attitudes to the students so that they can prescribe drugs safely, effectively and maintain competency in professional life.
To inculcate in them a rational and scientific basis of therapeutics. Educational Objectives.a) Knowledge At the end of the course, the learner shall be able to describe the pharmaco kinetics and pharmaco dynamics of essential and commonly used drugs list the indications, contraindications, interactions and adverse reactions of commonly used drugs
indicate the use of appropriate drug in a particular disease with consideration of its cost, efficacy and safety for individual needs, and mass therapy under national health programmes
integrate the list the drugs of addiction and recommend the management classify environmental and occupational pollutants and state the management issues explain pharmacological basis of prescribing drugs in special medical situations such as pregnancy, lactation, infancy, old age, renal and hepatic failure explain the concept of rational drug therapy in clinical pharmacology with special focus to usage of antimicrobial drugs. prescribe drugs for the control of fertility and be aware of the effects of drugs on the foetus. describe the clinical presentation and management of common poisoning including the bites and stings. state the principles underlying the concept of `Essential Drugs’ evaluate the ethics and modalities involved in the development and introduction of new drugs understand principles of Evidence based Medicine understand the principles of pharmaco economics b)Psychomotor SkillsAt the end of the course, the learner shall be able to: prescribe drugs for common ailments identify adverse reactions and interactions of commonly used drugs interpret the data of experiments designed for the study of effects of drugs and bioassays which are observed during the study scan information on common pharmaceutical preparations and critically evaluate drug formulations load the required dose of medicines accurately in hypodermic syringes; inject medicines by the intradermal, subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravenous routes using aseptic techniques. Set-up an intravenous drip and adjust the drip rate according to required dosage. calculate the drug dosage using appropriate formulae for an individual patient. administer the required dose of different drug formulations using appropriate devices and techniques (e.g., hypodermic syringes, inhalers, transdermal patches etc.) Advice and interpret the therapeutic monitoring reports of important drugs recognize and report adverse drug reactions to suitable authorities. analyse critically, drug promotional literature for proprietary preparations in terms of (a) Pharmacological actions of their ingredients
(b) Claims of pharmaceutical companies
(c) Economics of use
(d) Rational or irrational nature of fixed dose drug combinations.Retrieve drug information from appropriate sources especially electronic resources (c) Attitudes & Communication skills:At the end of the course, the learner shall be able to communicate with patients regarding proper use of drug take adequate precaution during prescribing drug(s)
understand the legal aspects of prescription counsel patients for compliance take adequate care to write prescriptions legibly understand rationality of poly-pharmacy update themselves regarding recent advances
(d) IntegrationPractical knowledge of rational use of drugs in clinical practice will be acquired through integrated teaching vertically with pre-clinical & clinical subjects and horizontally with other para-clinical subjects.